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The project tackles from an economic perspective issues relating to non-financial benefit estimation, risk analysis, and development of decision making frameworks that would help deliver value for money from public investments in natural hazard management.
The project will develop decision support tools that enable the impact of different policy and planning options on various economic, environmental and/or social objectives to be assessed.
This project will identify the optimum economic policy options to recover or minimise the adverse effects of natural hazards.
The increasing demand for evidence-based public policy places a premium on the need to translate scientific knowledge into policy, practice and common understanding. This translation is rendered even more challenging by the inherent uncertainty and diverse disciplines of the science behind the evidence. How should risk mitigation practitioners manage these scientific uncertainties and diversities in their strategic decision-making? This is a key question driving this project, which aims to help risk management practitioners to explain, justify and discuss mitigation practices to others, including mitigation professionals, the public, the media, and in court and inquiry processes. The project uses qualitative social science methods, including scenario exercises, theoretical tools and case studies. It analyses how diverse knowledge is ordered and judged as salient, credible and authoritative, and its pragmatic meaning for emergency management across the prevention, preparedness, response and recovery spectrum.
This project will identify how current emergency management policies, institutions and governance arrangements help or hinder the ability of communities to play an active role in preparing for and responding to natural hazard events.
Realistic disaster scenarios can be used to facilitate response planning and policymaking. They allow emergency managers to visualise the impacts of plausible events before they happen. For this study, the scenarios are classed as realistic because they have not occurred previously, but have a high likelihood of occurring and causing extensive damage. As many details as possible are taken into account, such as likely infrastructure damage, likely injuries and fatalities, loss of essential services and utilities and short- and long-term impacts of the disaster.
This project is measuring and gaining a greater understanding of the impacts of natural hazards in terms of the toll of human life, injuries and building damage in order to provide an evidence base for emergency management policy and practice. Trends over time will be interpreted in the context of emerging issues (e.g. ageing population, population shifts, building codes). Research will also provide an analysis of building damage by hazard and state/territory.
This project will develop a 'broad brush-stroke' national picture of vulnerability and values at risk to bushfire and natural hazards at the institutional scale.
Research team:
This project, currently under development, will begin on 1 July 2017. It will aim to better understand the nature of catastrophe and identify ways to improve management approaches in the Australian context. Catastrophic disasters are different from every day disasters. Response strategies that routinely work in smaller events will be quickly overwhelmed and ineffective. The role of emergency management agencies becomes focused on providing leadership, facilitation, subject matter expertise, public information and warnings, and specialist resources. In the United States a government-centric approach has been recognised as being insufficient to meet the challenges posed by large disasters. Government is only one part of the overall team; and that arrangements must leverage all of the resources available.
Year Type Citation
2015 Conference Paper Newman, J. et al. A decision support framework for multi-hazard mitigation planning - non peer reviewed extended abstract. Adelaide Conference 2015 (2015).
2015 Conference Paper Newman, J. et al. Integrated Disaster Decision Support System Conference Paper 2014. Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC and AFAC Wellington Conference 2014 (2015).

Resources credited

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Presentation-Audio-Video 27 Oct 2016 Economics and strategic decisions - cluster overview Save (0 bytes) decision making, economics, policy

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